Sample Essays Collection: Globalization and Its Effect on People

Globalization is not a new topic on our blog. You probably remember our post on how to write a globalization essay. And now we’re sharing an example of a definition essay about globalization. We hope you’ll find it helpful.

Introduction.

Globalization is a term, often used as a name for a wide range of different processes and phenomenon in the cultural, social, economical and political life of civilization. That is the reason why it’s very difficult to explain the essence of this term for it very much relays on the context. For example, J. Soros defines it in this way “Globalization is an overused word, which can have very different meanings… we will consider that this term means the globalization of financial markets and the growing dominant influence of the global financial markets and transnational companies on the national economics. In this sense we should distinguish globalization from the free market economy, which doesn’t have such great consequences for particular countries”. This definition concerns only economical side of the problem and in fact it says only that globalization is globalization.

Globe as a Symbol of GlobalizationSo, before giving the definition of this term, let’s name some of its components of the sense, which don’t depend on the context in which the term is used. First, globalization is a process. Second, this process concerns only the activity of human and the society. Third, as it is obvious from the word “global”, it is an all-embracing process. Forth, the specific aspect of this process is the growth of the number of contacts between people, the products, elements and consequences of their activity.

Putting all this together we can get the idea of the essence of globalization. We will not be able to define this phenomenon when we are faced with it in real life until we analyze it in the context of its influences and effects in the culture, politics, economy, society, ecology, etc. In our main part we will analyze the next points:

1) the premises and the reasons of globalization, most significant effects and its role in economy; 2) the meaning for the culture and the influences of the globalization on the ecology of human omniscience. In the conclusion we’ll summarize the main points and outline the main findings.

The premises and reasons of globalization.

There is a widely spread view that the main reason of globalization as a historical process is a unique development of economical relationships between the countries. This development is a consequence of the innovations and the technological progress of civilization (e.g. the fast means of communication, new informational technologies and the fast transport). Due to this the needs of industry are growing for they require cheaper raw materials. Raw materials and component parts are often transferred through many countries before they turn to the final product. The situation with the energy sources is the same; only few countries have them but the whole world needs them. In a word, a free market tries to involve more and more participants, and in the end it reaches the worldwide level. The specific feature of the globalized financial markets is that they provide the free movement of the financial capital.

All of the above is from my point of view to be defined as the premises of globalization. We shouldn’t mistake the premises for the reasons. For example we can accept the development of the informational technologies as a reason for globalization, though on the other side we can say that globalization creates the atmosphere, were fast means of communication should be developed. So I would say that all the points mentioned above are not the reasons of globalization, but the factors, that create the possibilities for the further movement of globalization process. Moreover the interaction between the process and its factors is mutual.

As for the reasons we can summarize different points of view to the following: globalization is a side effect of the process of forming “an open society”. The more “opened” the society gets under the influence of democratization the less connections it establishes inside, turning into big synergetic system. For example the global financial markets are comparatively young, their development starts from the oil crisis at the beginning of the 70’s of XX century and the invention of eurodollar. At the 80’s, when the ruling persons were Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, the development rates of the global financial markets began to grow, and after the collapse of the USSR at 1989 they became really global. That is to say the collapse of the “close society” of the USSR gave the push to the process of the globalization and immersed the groups of societies into the world community.

What is the role of the national countries in this process? The main danger of globalization is the  destruction of political power in all its forms: national governments, economics, democracy as non-rational system of life governance on the planet. All systems of power were traditionally built up on the human achievements, which can be named in the terms of technical systems: the sense of human life, his values and the aim of his life. People who are deprived of these things can not be the objects of power and do not obey. It seemed at first that the globalization gave the elite the unlimited possibilities for manipulating the mass conscience. But in reality masses found in globalization the possibilities for not obeying the power.

Globalization allows using its instruments not only to those who really created them but also to those who know how they function. So we can make the conclusion that as long as national governments exist they will keep trying to use the effects of globalization for their own aims. This means that political interests will be the reasons in the process of the globalization. It is possible that this process will lead us to appearance of the new forms of political governance.

How globalization effects people.

Let me start with an example, which is a piece of irony, but illustrates the situation in a perfect way.

“Question: What best exemplifies globalization? Answer: Princess Diana’s death. Question: Why? Answer: An English princess with an Egyptian boyfriend crashes in a French tunnel, driving a German car with a Dutch engine, driven by a Belgian who was high on Scottish whiskey, followed closely by Italian Paparazzi, on Japanese motorcycles, treated by an American doctor, using Brazilian medicines!”

Globalization gave us goods, in some sense it made our life more comfortable and convenient. Globalization gave us new opportunities for innovation and enterprise and increased a global economical growth. But globalization does have the negative aspects. First, it is predisposed to the crisises, second, it increases the inequality between the poor and the rich both inside the country and between them, third, it causes the wrong distribution of recourses between private and government interests (effective governance).

The effect of globalization of social and cultural relations lies in the change of the role of the human in the social structure. In the “closed society” one person is connected with a limited group of people and almost has no influence on the other groups, in the global society every single person is more or less connected with all other people at the same time. This also means that the better some people in this society live the worse the other do. But there is a different point of view on this problem: “Personally, I do not believe that those [poor] people are victims of globalization. Their problem is not that they are included in the global market but, in most cases, that they are excluded from it.” (Kofi Annan)

So as we see, in fact globalization itself has no good or bad effect on people. Globalization is just a powerful instrument of influence on other people. So the effect of globalization will depend on how we use this instrument. The problem mainly is that many people are not able to perceive it in an adequate way.

Conclusion.

Let me summarize the main points concerning the definition of globalization and its essence.

  1. Globalization is a term, often used as a name for a wide range of different processes and phenomenon in the cultural, social, economical and political life of civilization.
  2. Globalization is an all-embracing process which concerns the growth of the number of contacts between people, the products, elements and consequences of their activity.
  3. Nowadays there are lots of factors which create wide range of possibilities for the development of globalization, but they are not its exceptional reasons.
  4. We can point out the sources of the process of globalization only, but we can hardly explain the reasons of this process in some other way but as a historical necessity within the convenient circumstances.
  5. Globalization is a process which can be investigated on the macro levels only.
  6. Effect of the influence of globalization on people can not be defined univocally. It lasts only for last 20-30 years so its too early to talk abut some final results and consequences.

From what is known for now, we can distinguish the following effects of globalization:

  1. It makes general social system more sensitive to crisises.
  2. It leads to the disproportion of the distribution of resources.
  3. It requires the change in the human conscience in accordance with the new reality it creates.
  4. Globalization can not be defined in a positive or negative way.

Works cited

  1. Crafts Nicholas. Globalization and Growth in the Twentieth Century, IMF Working Paper, WP/00/44, Washington DC, April 2000.
  2. Friedman Thomas (2000) The Lexus and the Olive Tree. Farrar, Straus & Giroux
  3. Globalization: Threat or Opportunity? IMF Staff. www.imf.org
  4. Marjorie Griffin Cohen, Laurell Ritchie, Michele Swenarchuk, and Leah Vosko. Globalization Some Implications & Strategies For Women. www.sympatico.ca/truegrowth/womenstrat1.htm
  5. Porter Keith. Globalization: Good or Bad? www.globalization.about.com
  6. Porter Keith. Poverty or prosperity. Is Either Caused by Globalization? www.globalization.about.com
  7. Porter Keith. What is Globalization? New era replaces Cold War and Space Age. www.globalization.about.com

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